Tuesday, May 17, 2022
No menu items!
HomeTools AdviceHow to Use a Ratchet Wrench

How to Use a Ratchet Wrench

A ratchet wrench is a tool every mechanic needs to have in their workshop. Having a good ratchet wrench and the proper socket set allows you to adjust any fastener on any machine. Its small and robust shape will enable you to use it in congested spaces such as the engine area.

The main advantage of this tool is that it allows you to loosen or tighten a bolt or nut with minimum space. Also, it effectively works on bolts located in tight spaces.

A ratchet wrench is a special wrench with a socket located on one end used for turning fasteners. It is easy to operate this tool, and all you have to do is move the handle as the socket sits in tight on the bolt.

How Does a Ratchet Wrench Work?

This section will focus on two main parts of a ratchet wrench: the ratchet and the socket. The socket end snaps into the ratchet utilizing a square connector. This is the end that holds the fastener in place.

After engaging the socket to the fastener, the next step is to move the ratchet to either fasten or loosen it. To fasten, turn the handle clockwise and counter-clockwise to loosen it.

How to Use a Ratchet Wrench

It is straightforward to use a ratchet wrench, provided you understand how it operates. This tool will save you lots of time and effort if you know how to use it correctly. Follow the simple steps below to ensure your ratchet wrench serves you longer and effectively.

Selecting the right size socket

Different bolts and fasteners vary in size and width. A good mechanic needs to have the correct sockets to work on any machine. The first step is to select the ideal socket that perfectly fits and doesn’t slip when turning.

Professionals opt to get tool kits that feature marked sockets, which saves them a lot of time. For those unsure of which socket to pick, try out the available choices and go up or down a size until you find the perfect grip.

Attaching the socket to the ratchet

One must ensure that the socket’s size corresponds to the ratchet’s driver square size. The driver square of the socket must be the same as the driver square of your ratchet to create the perfect connection. If that is not the case, you can use an adapter to connect the two.

After checking that, it is time to snap the driver square of the socket into the ratchet’s square by pressing the socket onto the ratchet’s square drive. Ensure that the ‘ball’ at the ratchet’s square end aligns with the trail in the socket’s square hole. The ball bearing locks the two ends together, making it easier to adjust bolts.

Checking the turning direction

Some wrenches feature a directional switch that makes the loosening or tightening process easier. The half key makes it possible to lock the ratchet wrench in one direction. Therefore, ensure the critical half points to the left when tightening the fastener as it maintains a clockwise direction.

Adjusting the fastener

After locking the socket and ratchet end in place, it is time to fit the fastener onto the socket end. Next, turn the ratchet lever in the direction you wish to go. To loosen, turn the lever counter-clockwise or left, and to tighten, turn it clockwise or to the right.

The main advantage of this tool is that it works effectively even when one lacks enough room for maximum arm movement. Having the directional switch set won’t turn the fastener into the reverse direction as you reposition the ratchet. Keep moving the ratchet until the bolt is tightened or removed.

Removing the socket

After completing the task, returning the tool in the proper condition is essential. This makes it easier to use the next time you need it.

This final step varies depending on the type of ratchet you have. All you have to do is use a little force to overcome the spring-loaded bearing in the ratchet for the standard types.

There is a button at the back of your ratchet end where you press to disable the connection. Pressing this button allows the socket to flip off the ratchet’s square drive.

Ensure that you properly store your tools. It is best to maintain the order of the different sockets as you place them back. This makes it easier to find the perfect bolt fit as you work on the next machine.

Female Car Mechanic is Posing in a Car Service

Choosing The Right Socket Set

A socket set is a must-have tool accessory; if you wish to ease the effort, use adjusting fasteners. This set features various sockets of different sizes geared up to fit a variety of nuts and bolts.

There is no ideal socket set in the market for everyone. The right set depends on the kind of job you wish to work on. A standard setting is perfect for small to medium projects and comprehensive ones for advanced work.

Therefore, it is essential to know the types of nuts and bolts you’ll be adjusting prior to when you schedule to begin the job. You can find an accurate socket that perfectly fits both the bolt or nut and the ratchet.

Essential Points to Note When Using a Ratchet Wrench

A ratchet wrench is not a complicated tool to use and does not require one to have special skills to operate it. However, below are essential points to note if you wish to complete your projects successfully.

One of the discussed advantages of a ratchet wrench is it requires minimal effort to adjust a nut or bolt. This means that the tool generates enough torque and if one applies too much pressure, they may damage the nuts and bolts. This can be even more serious if one damages the cross threads on the bolt.

Ratchets are available in different sizes aimed at operating various size pockets. Most of them operate with a gear drive. Also, those with a higher tooth count allow one to work using smaller swinging motions, making them useful when accessing tight areas.

When choosing the ideal ratchet wrench, it is best to get one made of chrome vanadium steel. The high-quality material ensures the tool stays intact, does not break off easily, and serves you longer.

Lastly, it is essential to understand the different widths of the sockets, bolts, and nuts if you wish to save more time. Understanding the various available options makes it easier to create the perfect connections.


Ratchet wrenches have become an essential tool for any workshop. These tools are easy to use and make the job simpler and faster. The handy tools help us fix and repair stuff around the house. Furthermore, considering that they are cost-effective, having one in your home is essential.

This is the perfect guide for those who wish to understand better how the device works. Follow the simple steps mentioned above and see how your work quality improves. However, ensure you buy one with a textured grip because it gives you maximum control, more so if you’re using it for the first time.

Previous articleWhat Is A Ratchet Wrench


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

- Advertisment -

Most Popular

Recent Comments