How to Use a Cordless Drill

If you’re someone who doesn’t want to call the electrician or plumber for every little thing, you must have the right equipment. These include electric drills, screwdrivers, wrenches, and everything that can help you fix things on your own. If you’re looking for drills, you also need to learn how to use a cordless drill. Here, we have covered several factors like safety, speed controlling and handling.

How to Use a Cordless Drill

Drilling is much more than placing it against the wall and pulling the trigger. You need to know what kind of bits to use, how much torque you need against wood or cement surfaces, and the speed you need to drill at.

Preparation and Safety

Before you start drilling the bookshelves in your room, make sure you’re wearing eye protection. Safety goggles are essential since they will help keep the flying debris out. Also, try to avoid wearing baggy and loose clothes while drilling. When you lean over, there is a chance that they could catch onto the drill.

If your project is lengthy and you’ll be drilling for long, wear ear protection. Constant drilling can lead to hearing damage because of the loud noise. In case you think drilling will cause a lot of dust, you need to wear a face mask. This will filter out the air you breathe and keep your lungs protected.

Basic Controls

When learning how to use a cordless drill, you need to know that it rotates in both directions: clockwise and counter-clockwise. You can change the direction of drilling by pressing a button with your thumb on the side. Whether you’re a lefty or a righty, you need to know that the input drilling direction for any material is clockwise.

Here are a few basic steps to follow while drilling:

  • Wrap your hand around the handle and use your index finger to press the trigger. The harder you press, the faster the rotational speed.
  • Once you have drilled into the wall, switching rotation can help you retract the drill. Moreover, the anti-clockwise direction is also used to unscrew fasteners.
  • However, you must never change directions while the drill is still moving. Only change the gear and the torque collar when the drill has completely stopped.

Speed Control

There are two types of cordless drills.

  • Single-speed drills
  • Multiple-speeds drills

The single-speed option is ideal if you work on a small scale. With the high torque, you can drill larger holes and drive screws easily. In multiple-speed drills, you can control the speed: slow or fast.

The lower speed is to drill holes in walls. On the other hand, you can switch to a higher speed if you wish to use an electric drill as a screwdriver.

Tip: If you deal with wood most of the time, a single-speed drill is just the right one for you. If your work is not limited to just one use of drilling, go for a multiple-speed one.

Setting the Clutch

The clutch of a drill is also known as the torque adjustment collar. It is usually numbered from 1 to 10. At 10, the highest torque is produced. When driving screws into a very hard material, you need more torque. This is when you adjust the clutch and ease into the wood with your drill.

Before going into the details, it’s important to differentiate between drill and drive. Drilling means to make a hole while driving means to screw. If you’ve got a drill machine that can also drive, you need to know how to work the clutch.

Use lower torque against softer materials like drywall or when you want to limit how far the screw goes inside. A higher torque is used against wood or when screwing the flush. Use the clutch to switch to drill/drive mode and see how easy it becomes to complete the job.

The Chuck

The chuck is what holds onto the drilling/driving bits. It is a three-point clamp and comes in different sizes like ½ of an inch or ¾ of an inch.

You can find some drills that will come with a key that is used to tighten the chuck. You can also find keyless chucks, but those will have to be tightened by hand.

  • Open the chuck and insert your drilling bit.
  • Rotate the sleeve clockwise to tighten it until the chuck fully grips the drill bit.
  • Now, gently press the trigger and see if the bit wobbles or shakes.
  • If it does, it means you haven’t tightened it properly, and you’ll need to do it again.

One simple trick to install the bit in the chuck is to put the drill in reverse mode, hold onto the chuck and slip the bit inside. Now, switch into the forward mode and slowly pull the trigger, holding the chuck at the same time.

Handling and Charging/Batteries

When you’re browsing for drill machines, you will see that many hammer drills come with a detachable handle. The handle is there to give you strength, control, and leverage when drilling hard against a cement/brick wall.

To use the handle, rotate it counter-clockwise to loosen it. Now, move it up right below the collar of the drill and then twist it clockwise to tighten it.

Of course, cordless gadgets either work on batteries or need to be charged. Most of the tools come with an extra battery pack, and they both will have an indicator on them to notify you, in advance, about how much juice is left in them.

Mostly, the battery is indicated by lights; on the drill itself, if not on the battery. If there is no kind of indicator, the drill will just stop working without any signs of slowing down.


Now that you have learned about using a cordless drill, you can go on and design the type of cupboard you want in the bedroom. Adhere to safety precautions; drills can lead to serious injuries if not done with care.

The best thing to do is to go for a cordless drill/driver. This will take care of both of your needs. You can switch modes in case you want to create a hole in something, and if you want to tighten the screws of your dining table, you can do that too.

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